Marie Curie (1867-1934)
was a Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering
research on radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the first person
and only woman to win twice, the only person to win twice in multiple sciences.
She was also the first woman to become a professor at the University of Paris, and in 1995
became the first woman to be entombed on her own merits in the Panthéon in Paris.
Curie’s research led to the discovery of polonium and radium and the development of X-rays.