Mahatma Gandhi (1869– 1948)
peacefully fought for the rights of Indians, both at home and in South Africa.
Gandhi organised boycotts against British institutions in peaceful forms of civil
disobedience. He studied law in London, England, but in 1893 went to South Africa,
where he spent 20 years opposing discriminatory legislation against Indians.
Gandhi was the primary leader of India’s independence movement and also the architect
of a form of civil disobedience that would influence the world. He is widely described
as the father of the nation.
He was assassinated in 1948.